Right Breed for You?
The Pug is well described by the phrase "multum in parvo",
which means "a lot of dog in a small space." They are
recognized for their even-tempers, playful personalities, and
their outgoing, loving dispositions. This square and cobby
breed comes in fawn, silver fawn, apricot fawn or black, with
a well-defined "mask" on his muzzle. A popular companion dog,
the pug also excels in the show ring.
** Important to Note: The "Puggle" is NOT a Pug. It is a
combination of a Beagle and a Pug. It is NOT a "designer dog"
as it is sometimes called. A "Puggle" is a "mixed breed" and
is NOT recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) This Club
only deals with and recognizes the Pure Bred Pug Breed.
For any questions about the lovable Pug, and to make sure you
are choosing the right breed for your family, please feel free
to contact any one of our Officers and Board Members in the
Toy Group; AKC recognized in 1885
Weighing between 14 to 18 pounds
A Look Back - The Pug is one of the oldest breeds of dogs and
has flourished since before 400 BC. Authorities agree that the
Pug breed is of Chinese origin with some basic similarities to
the Pekingese. China is the earliest known source for Pugs,
where they were pets of the Buddhist monasteries in Tibet.
The breed next appeared in Japan and Europe, where it became
the favorite for various royal courts when Prince William II
became the King of England. He owned Pugs and they became the
fashionable breed for generations.
The Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange in
Holland. One of the breed saved the life of William, Prince of
Orange, by giving alarm at the approach of the Spaniards at
Hermingny in 1572. The dog appears in the effigy of the
monarch over William's tomb. Later when William II landed at
Torbay to be crowned King of England, his cortege included
By 1790 the Pug's popularity had spread to France where
Josephine, wife of Napoleon, depended on her Pug named
"Fortune" to carry secret messages under his collar to her
husband while she was imprisoned at Les Carmes.
In In 1860 British soldiers sacked the Imperial Palace in
Peking, and dogs of the Pug and Pekingese type were brought
back to England. This was the first time since the early 16th
century that dogs in any great number had been brought out of
Though called "Mopshond" (Dutch, "to grumble") in Holland, and
"Carlin" in France, the name "Pug" probably comes from the
dog's facial expression, which is similar to that of the
marmoset monkeys that were popular pets of the early 1700's
and known as Pugs
Black Pugs were imported from China and exhibited for the
first time in England in 1886. One year earlier, in 1885, the
Pug had been accepted for registration with the American
All information taken from The American Kennel Club, Inc.
Pug Breed Standard
Symmetry and general appearance are decidedly square and cobby.
A lean, leggy Pug and a dog with short legs and a long body
are equally objectionable.
Size, Proportion, Substance
The Pug should be multum in parvo, and this condensation (if
the word may be used) is shown by compactness of form, well
knit proportions, and hardness of developed muscle. Weight
from 14 to 18 pounds (dog or bitch) desirable. Proportion
The head is large, massive, round–not apple-headed, with no
indentation of the skull. The eyes are dark in color, very
large, bold and prominent, globular in shape, soft and
solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and, when excited,
full of fire. The ears are thin, small, soft, like black
velvet. There are two kinds–the "rose" and the "button."
Preference is given to the latter. The wrinkles are large and
deep. The muzzle is short, blunt, square, but not upfaced.
Bite-A Pug's bite should be very slightly undershot.
Neck, Topline, Body
The neck is slightly arched. It is strong, thick, and with
enough length to carry the head proudly. The short back is
level from the withers to the high tail set. The body is short
and cobby, wide in chest and well ribbed up. The tail is
curled as tightly as possible over the hip. The double curl is
The legs are very strong, straight, of moderate length, and
are set well under. The elbows should be directly under the
withers when viewed from the side. The shoulders are
moderately laid back. The pasterns are strong, neither steep
nor down. The feet are neither so long as the foot of the
hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split-up toes, and
the nails black. Dewclaws are generally removed.
The strong, powerful hindquarters have moderate bend of stifle
and short hocks perpendicular to the ground. The legs are
parallel when viewed from behind. The hindquarters are in
balance with the forequarters. The thighs and buttocks are
full and muscular. Feet as in front.
The coat is fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither hard
The colors are fawn or black. The fawn color should be decided
so as to make the contrast complete between the color and the
trace and mask.
The markings are clearly defined. The muzzle or mask, ears,
moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead, and the
back trace should be as black as possible. The mask should be
black. The more intense and well defined it is, the better.
The trace is a black line extending from the occiput to the
Viewed from the front, the forelegs should be carried well
forward, showing no weakness in the pasterns, the paws landing
squarely with the central toes straight ahead. The rear action
should be strong and free through hocks and stifles, with no
twisting or turning in or out at the joints. The hind legs
should follow in line with the front. There is a slight
natural convergence of the limbs both fore and aft. A slight
roll of the hindquarters typifies the gait which should be
free, self-assured, and jaunty.
This is an even-tempered breed, exhibiting stability,
playfulness, great charm, dignity, and an outgoing, loving
DISQUALIFICATION - Any color other than fawn or black.
Approved April 8, 2008
Effective June 3, 2008
Pug Health Guide
for a list of information regarding the health of your pug.